Japanese gardening is a social kind of gardening that is meant to create a scene that mimics nature as much as possible by using trees, shrubs, rocks, sand, artificial hillsides, fish ponds, as well as flowing water as art-forms. The Zen and also Shinto customs are both a big part of Japanese gardening and, because of this the gardens have a contemplative as well as reflective mood about them. Japanese gardening is totally different from the Western style and is seen as a more meditational and relaxing style of gardening.
There are essentially 2 types of Japanese garden and three basic methods for scenery. The main two types of gardens are:
Tsukiyami, which is a hillside garden that is mainly composed of hills and ponds.
Hiraniwa, which is essentially the opposite of Tsukiyami: a level garden without any hillsides or fish ponds.
And the three basic methods for scenery are:
Minimised Scale – This is the art of taking a real scene from nature, the hills, rivers, trees, etc and then recreating that scene in your garden on a smaller scale of course.
Symbolisation – This entails generalisation and also abstraction. An good example of symbolisation would be the use of white sand to represent the ocean.
Borrowed Views – This refers to when the gardener uses something such as a forest or an ocean as a background, but it ends up becoming an integral part of the scene.
The fundamental components that are used in a Japanese garden are stones, rocks, bushes, water, gravel, fences, and moss.
Rocks are generally used as centrepieces and bring an existence of spirituality to the garden. In accordance with the Shinto custom rocks embody the spirits of nature.
Gravel is used as a kind of defining surface and is used to imitate the flow of water when arranged effectively.
Stones are utilised to form a boundary and are often shaped into the form of lanterns.
Water, whether it be in the shape of a pond, stream, or a waterfall, is an essential part of a Japanese garden. It can be real water or represented by gravel, yet no matter what form the water is in, it is a critical component to the Japanese gardens equilibrium.
There are several kinds of plants that are the trademark of Japanese gardening, the major one being the Bonsai tree. Bonsai is the Japanese art of training everyday, typical plants, such as Pine, Cypress, Holly, Cedar, Cherry, Maple, as well as Beech, to appear like large, old trees just in small form. These trees vary from 5 centimetres to one meter in height and are kept small by careful pruning, re-potting, pinching of growth, and also wiring the branches.
Japanese gardening is a custom the poet Muso Soseki, stated “Gardens are a root of improvement”.
A Japanese garden is sure to bring about many different feelings and is definitely a transforming experience.